PRJ-32 - Design and Construction of Aeroespace Systems

[Projeto e Construção de Sistemas Aeroespaciais]

  • Instructor(s): Prof. Christopher and Prof. Jeanne (lecturer internship)
  • ITA Course Number: PRJ-32
  • As taught in: 2019.
  • Department: Aerospace Systems 
  • Level: Undergraduate. 
Course Description

Motivation

Complex Aerospace and related systems consist of thousands of engineering decisions that are presented for fulfilling the stakeholders’ needs. In order to create systems, it is necessary to engage in “system thinking”, where “system thinking looks at relationships (rather than unrelated objects), connectedness, process (rather than structure), the whole (rather than just its parts), the patterns (rather than the contents) of a system and context” (R. Ackoff with H. Addison and A. Carey, Systems Thinking for Curious Managers, Triarchy Press, 2010). A system begins with an idea, from the stakeholders’ needs, that must be translated into reality. The designers must know the concrete system entities and organizations to create a fitting architecture that may concretize the stakeholder needs. In Aerospace Engineering the pre-concepts starts through a Space System Architecture Design.

In the Book “Space Mission Analysis and Design”, Wertz summarized the common space mission architecture system elements that serves as a starting core to design. These system elements, as well as the Wertz Method, need to be known by the Aerospace Engineers, so they can make decisions of best fit candidate solutions. This course intends to describe the technological elements of the Space Systems, researching known missions and technologies, and a set of hands-on experiment.

The rationale for the Research Assignments is the CEI (Centro Espacial ITA - ITA Space Center). One of its rooms is a Concurrent Engineering Facility, where mission and architecture studies will occur. Next years, the all course will be in this room. In order to access a concept or architecture faster it is necessary to have the design options in loco and preferably modelled in a systemic language.

So, this course will also contribute to CEI within models. At the final weeks of the course, CEF sessions will be emulated, where the class students will design a SmallSat Data Collection Example Mission Concept and Architecture from the researched system elements.

Syllabus (Ementa): 

  • Format: 1-0-3-3
  • Description: Notions of rockets, satellites and ground stations. Mission definition. System Definitions. Project. Manufacturing, assembly, integration and testing. Launching and Operations. 
  • Prerequisites: no
  • Rationale for offering this subject: a survey with undergraduate students has shown that there is a desire for training in hands-on methods using state-of-the-art technology. The intent of this course is to present the Space Technologies, while exploiting synergies with known missions and related practical activities.

[Requisitos: não há. Horas semanais: 1-0-3-3. Noções de foguete, satélite e estação terrena. Definição de missão. Definição de sistema. Projeto. Manufatura, montagem integração e testes do sistema. Lançamento e operação. Bibliografia: Wertz, J. R. & Larsson, J. W., eds., Space Mission Analysis and Design, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1999; Fortescue, P., Stark, J., eds., Spacecraft Systems Engineering, 2a ed., John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK, 1995; Sutton, G. P. Rocket Propulsion Elements, 7a Edição, Wiley, Nova Iorque, EUA, 2001]

Course Map (Mapa do Curso):

Course Map

Course Map Rationale: Space Engineering is the Engineering process, using the Space, to develop and operate space related products (Space Systems) that connects the user to their needs. This Space System is traditionally organized in Segments (Launch/Space/Ground), their programmatic and operations.  This course intends to describe the technological elements of the Space Systems, researching know missions, and hands-on activities.

Grading

The Grading will follow ITA’s policy. The grade itself will be calculated from the class activities as the following table:

RubricWeigth
Reading Assignment Questions15%
Research Assignment 35%
News Presentation5%
Concurrent Sessions /
Stakeholder Presentation Material
40%
Class Participation5%
Total100%
Exam 100%
Final Grade0.7*Total+0.3*Exam

Class format:

The class consists of four pedagogical elements that are interwoven to maximize the use of individual, group and class time. These elements are lectures, assignments, readings, and hands-on activities.


Textbooks

Main textbooks:

  • REF-001 - Wertz, J. R. & Larsson, J. W., eds., Space Mission Analysis and Design, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1999;
  • REF-002 - Fortescue, P., Stark, J., eds., Spacecraft Systems Engineering, 2a ed., John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK, 1995;
  • REF-003 - Sutton, G. P. Rocket Propulsion Elements, 7a Edition, Wiley, New York, EUA, 2001

Additional references:

  • REF-004 - CRAWLEY, E., CAMERON, B., SELVA, D. System Architecture - Strategy and Product Development for Complex Systems. England. Pearson. 2016. ISBN 1-292-11084-8
  • REF-006 - VOIRIN, J.L. Model-based System and Architecture Engineering with the Arcadia Method. Elsevier, 2017. ISBN 978-0-0810-1794-4.
  • REF-007 - ROQUES, P. Systems Architecture Modeling with the Arcadia Method - A Practical Guide to Capella. Elsevier, 2017. ISBN: 978-0-0810-1792-0
  • REF-008 - NASA. State of the Art of Small Spacecraft Technology. Available at: https://sst-soa.arc.nasa.gov
  • REF-009 - ESA. EO Portal. Available at: https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions
  • REF-010 - Wertz, J. R. et al, Space Mission Engineering: The new SMAD, Microcosm Press, 2011

Other punctual references will be handout during the course to extra reading.

Schedule (Calendário):

Information

This year, Prof. Bousquet from ISAE/SUPAERO will lecture a 35h course about Telecommunication Missions. All the students are releases from PRJ32 course activities during the Prof. Bousquet’s course period.

Course Schedule